Cryptic crossword puzzles come from the UK. The first British crossword puzzles appeared around 1923 and were by definition, but from the mid-1920s they began recording cryptic elements: no cryptic clues in the modern sense of the word, but anagrams, classical allusions, incomplete quotations and other references and puns. Torquemada (Edward Powys Mathers), who ran from 1925 to his death in 1939 for The Saturday Westminster and from 1926 until his death in 1939 for The Saturday Westminster, was the first setter to use exclusively cryptic clues and to be often considered the inventor of the cryptic crossover puzzle.  For the most part, cryptic crossword puzzles are an English-speaking phenomenon, although similar Hebrew-shaped puzzles are popular in Israel (where, in Dutch, they are called Tashbetsey higayon (11) and Cryptogram. In Poland, similar crossword puzzles are called Hetman crossword puzzles. « Hetman, » commander-in-chief and also the name of a chess queen, emphasizes its importance over other crossword puzzles. In Finnish, this kind of crossword puzzle is called piilosana (literally « hidden word »), while crypto refers to a crossword in which the letters were coded into numbers. TIME magazine has thought weekly of a cryptic crossword called Around the Corner, and SZ magazine shows the cross with the words. To make clues difficult, cryptic designers often use traditional indicator words in a misleading way.
The word « hidden » is a possible guide indicating that it is a container mention in which one word is inserted into another to create the response. A typical clue consists of two parts, definition and pun. It offers two ways to get the answer. The definition, which generally corresponds exactly to the part of the language, the tension and the number of responses, is essentially the same as any « right » crossword, synonymous with response. It usually appears at the beginning or end of a clue. Anagram notes are marked with an indicator word next to an expression that has the same number of letters as the answer. The indicator tells the solver that there is an anagram that they need to solve to find the answer. Indicators are anagrams before or after letters. In an American crypt, only the words given in the indication are anagrams; In some older puzzles, words that need to be anametized can be included and then anametized.
So, in this note, recent expert studies by Friedlander and Fine, based on a large-scale survey of 805 solverns of all abilities (mainly in Britain), suggest that cryptic crossword puzzles are generally highly educated adults, whose training and occupations are mainly related to the scientific, mathematical or computer fields. This mint link increases considerably with know-how, especially in mathematics and computer science. The authors suggest that cryptic crossword capabilities are associated with code cracking and problem-solving capabilities of a logical and quasi-algebraic nature.   If the answer appears in the note but is contained in one or more words, it is obscured. For example, there are many « code words » or « indicators » that have special meaning in the cryptic context of crossword puzzles. (In the example above, « about, » « unfinished » and « ascendant » all fall into this category). Learning or recognizing them is a useful and necessary part to become a skilled cryptic crossword decryptor. While a reference to libertarian rules may sound like this: the appearance of the word « sounds » indicates that this reference requires a homophone – a word that sounds like another word. In Britain, it is traditionally – dated to the cryptic crossword pioneer Edward (Bill) Powys Mathers (1892-1939) which, according to the Spanish inquisitator, was called torquemada – for the compiler to use evocative pseudonyms. « Crispa, » named after the Latin for curly-headed, which used crossword puzzles for the Guardian from 1954 to his retirement in 2004, legally changed his surname after divorce in the 1970s to « Crisp. »